One of the most densely populated provinces of China and known for it's hot and spicy cuisine.
Szechuan province lies in the Southern half of the country. Szechuan cuisine is characterized as being hot and spicy. The Szechuan peppercorn gets its name from this region because of its long history of cultivation in the area and frequent use in dishes. Although not indigenous to the area (most likely brought along the silk road from India), chili peppers, both fresh and dried, are ubiquitous in Szechuan cooking.
Well known Szechuan dishes include: tea smoked duck, mapo doufu (spicy pork and tofu) and hot and sour soup.